Short description



The importance of South Asian culture, religion, art and architecture as a substratum that Southeast Asian societies drew on in their process of state formation has long been recognised. Views of this interaction as a one-sided process of colonisation by South Asian powers or a faithful imitation of South Asian prototypes by regional Southeast Asian societies and rulers have been discarded for being too simple and static. Yet, due to the lack of written sources, particularly from the earlier stages of history, research is thrown back on South Asian literary sources for their interpretation.